LLOYD OF LLANBISTER AND MICHAELCHURCH-ON-ARROW

 

No birth or baptism entries have been found for most of the sons and daughters of Hugh Lloyd of Baynham Hall in Michaelchurch-on-Arrow, Radnorshire. However, several children can be identified from various sources. Although the 1841 census returns do not state relationships, living with Hugh at the time were John Lloyd, Richard Lloyd, William Lloyd, Hugh Lloyd and Sarah Lloyd, of plausible age to be his children,[1] and their identifications as such are confirmed by their marriage certificates. In addition, William is identified as Hugh’s son in the 1851 census returns,[2] and specifically as Hugh’s fourth son in an 1855 newspaper notice.[3]

 

The placement of Ann Lloyd, wife of John Davies, as a daughter of Hugh is based on her son Edward being recorded as a nephew of William Lloyd in the 1861 census returns.[4] It can also be seen that one of John and Ann’s sons was named Hugh Lloyd Davies, probably after his grandfather, and that Hugh Lloyd Davies appears to have been at Baynham Hall with William Lloyd at the time of the 1861 and 1871 censuses.[5]

 

Mary Lloyd, wife of John Griffiths of Portway, Bryngwyn,[6] was also a daughter of Hugh Lloyd of Baynham Hall. Ann (Lloyd) Davies’s son William is identified as a nephew of John Griffiths in the 1851 census returns[7] and her daughter Mary as a niece of John Griffiths in the 1861 returns.[8] William Lloyd of Baynham Hall made Thomas Griffiths of Flintsham Court one of the executors of his will and Thomas was the son of John and Mary (Lloyd) Griffiths.[9]

 

Thomas Lloyd who married Sophia Lloyd in 1839 at Llansantffraed is shown by his marriage certificate to be son of a Hugh Lloyd, and it appears that this was Hugh Lloyd of Baynham Hall. Thomas’s will names John Griffiths of Portway (husband of Mary, daughter of Hugh Lloyd of Baynham Hall) as an executor.[10] Margaret (Lloyd) Drew, who was a granddaughter of Thomas and Sophia (Lloyd) Lloyd, is stated to have been a granddaughter of Hugh Lloyd of Baynham Hall in a 1948 obituary. Although she would have been his great-granddaughter rather than granddaughter, there was clearly a belief of descent.[11]

 

Hugh Lloyd was married to a woman named Ann.[12] There was a marriage of a Hugh Lloyd, widower, to Anne Crewdar, spinster, on 30 November 1805 at Llanddewi Ystradenni.[13] Since that was the parish where Hugh Lloyd of Baynham Hall is stated to have been born, the marriage would at first seem likely to be his. However, there was also a marriage of a Hugh Lloyd, bachelor, and Ann Dakins, spinster, on 1 August 1806 at Llangynllo.[14] It can be seen that John, son of Hugh Lloyd of Baynham Hall, was born at Llangynllo and his baptism is recorded there under the date 22 February 1807. The Llanddewi Ystradenni parish registers show the baptism of a Sarah Lloyd, daughter of Hugh and Ann, on 8 March 1807, only two weeks after the baptism of John Lloyd at Llangynllo and so presumably to different parents.[15] It seems that the Dakins marriage relates to the Hugh Lloyd who later lived at Baynham Hall. The Hugh Lloyd who married Ann Crewdar was evidently the one who had married Ann Wellings at Llanbadarn Fawr in 1783. In 1812, administration of the estate of Ann Lloyd of Beguildy was granted to her eldest brother Hugh Lloyd of Llanddewi Ystradenni.[16] This helps to identify them as children of Hugh Lloyd of Beguildy whose will was proved in 1806.[17]

 

PARENTAGE OF HUGH LLOYD OF BAYNHAM HALL

 

The 1851 census returns show that Hugh Lloyd of Baynham Hall was born at Llanddewi Ystradenni about 1770, and from the baptism there in January 1771 of Hugh, son of John Lloyd and “his wife”, the name of Hugh’s father seems fairly clear. A Thomas, son of John Lloyd, “from Llandewy”, was buried at Llanbister on 17 August 1773. There is no obvious baptism for Thomas at Llanddewi, but at Llanbister is recorded that of Thomas, son of John and Bridget Lloyd, in 1765, which seems to be the same individual. After John’s death in 1802, his widow Bridget renounced her right to administration and it was granted to John Lloyd and Richard Lloyd, both of Llanbister, farmers, “two of the sons” of the deceased.

 

There was also a John Lloyd who married Sarah Ralph at Llanbister in 1769, but Sarah daughter of John and Sarah Lloyd was baptised in October 1770 and then Sarah, wife of John Lloyd was buried November 1770, so it doesn’t seem that this could be the John whose son Hugh was baptised in January 1771. A John Lloyd of Llanddewi Ystradenni died in 1789 but his will indicates that he was not the father of Hugh Lloyd as the testator does not mention any children of his own and leaves his property to more distant relatives. He does mention a Hugh Lloyd, but it is the latter’s wife Ann who is the “Kinswoman” and this was evidently the Ann Wellings who married Hugh Lloyd in 1783 as John Lloyd the testator mentions other Wellings relatives.[18]

 

There were court proceedings from 1838 to 1840 when the defendant, John Lloyd of Llanbister, was described as the heir at law of David Lloyd, vicar of Llanbister.[19] One of the deponents stated that the defendant was a first cousin of the vicar.[20] A question was raised as to whether the venue of the case should be changed from Radnorshire to Herefordshire, it being said that “the defendant, who was an old man, had practised extensively as a bone setter of good repute, and had thereby obtained such an influence over the class of persons in his neighbourhood from whom jurors were selected, as rendered it impossible for the lessors of the plaintiff to obtain a fair trial”.[21] The bonesetting link strongly suggests that the defendant was from the same family as Hugh Lloyd of Baynham Hall, as bonesetting was stated to be a talent of Hugh[22] and a number of his descendants.[23]

 

David Lloyd, the vicar, was born at Llanbister in 1752 and “His father was Thomas Lloyd, the second son of Hugh Lloyd, of Trevodick, and his mother was Mary, daughter of David James of Little Croscunnon, both in that parish”.[24] This fits with the will of Hugh Lloyd of Llanbister, written in 1742, which names “my children John Thomas Hugh James Richard Ann and Jane”.[25] If the first son John was the father of the John Lloyd who was the old bonesetting defendant of 1839, it would seem to fit with the defendant being a first cousin and heir of the vicar, as well as being a half-brother of the bonesetter Hugh Lloyd of Baynham Hall.

 

SILVER JOHN

 

Mention should be made of the legend of Silver John, said to be a bonesetter called John Lloyd, living in the late eighteenth or early nineteenth century. It is alleged that he was murdered by some men from New Radnor for the silver gifts he acquired when tending broken bones and that his body was not discovered for some time until it was found in the frozen Llyn Hilyn near Llanfihangel-Nant-Melan.[26] The bonesetting connection has led to speculation that Silver John was a near relative of Hugh Lloyd of Baynham Hall.

 

The earliest published version of the Silver John legend that I have seen is by John Hutchinson (1829-1916)[27] and dates from 1881. It does not mention Silver John’s surname or bonesetting, but says that he “seems to have been a combination of a Welsh drover and a freebooter”, whose sobriquet derived from his habit of wearing silver buttons on his coat when he appeared in public. It is said that, “Though leading a sort of outlaw’s life, he occasionally, like some Italian bandit of the Abruzzi, showed himself unblushingly in the market-place of Radnor, the inhabitants of which it was his delight on these occasions openly to defy, to bully, and, if any of them were rash enough to invite a combat, to thrash”. Even at that date it was unclear whether the story was founded on fact. The verse often quoted in connection with Silver John is given:[28]

 

“Silver John” is dead and gone

(So they came home a-singing);

The Radnor boys

Pulled out his eyes

And set the bells a-ringing!

 

The accuracy of the modern accounts of Silver John as the bonesetter John Lloyd is in considerable doubt, especially in light of the records of the Court of Great Sessions. One of the cases was the murder of John Jones of Llanfihangel Rhydithon at New Radnor after a drunken fight on 12 December 1773. More than once it is stated that Jones was known as Silver John. His corpse was found on 4 April 1774 “upon the forrest” and was carried down to New Radnor and home to Llanfihangel Rhydithon. The records of the case also state that a witness said he saw two or three people walking on Llyn Hilyn when it was frozen over and that there appeared to be “a dark place” in the pool near which the people stood for some time. In the descriptions of the wounds to John’s body when it had been found, it was noted that some parts of the corpse had been eaten and that “both Eyes were out”.[29]

 

An account of Silver John from 1941 accords remarkably well with this, stating that John lived at Llanfihangel Rhydithon, came to an inn at New Radnor and after a quarrel was followed on his return journey, killed, and buried on the hill above Nibletts Quarry. The main difference is that Silver John is said to have lived “About eighty years ago”. Again, John’s surname is not given and there is no mention of bonesetting.[30]

 

Sid Wright’s account published in 1943 is the earliest version of the legend I have seen that describes Silver John as a bonesetter called John Lloyd. This was closely followed by Howse’s Radnor Old and New in 1944, which mentions S. Wright as a source.[31] Wright notes that his account of Silver John resulted from time spent at the Forest Inn (near Llanfihangel-Nant-Melan) in 1942 and 1943 and that the tale was told to the author “by David Green Pryce (Dai), the rabbit catcher, one evening at the Forest Inn during last wimberry picking”.[32] In this version, it was Mary, the landlord’s daughter from the Forest Inn, who discovered the body of Silver John in the frozen lake.

 

The concurrence of many of the details makes it very likely that the murder of John Jones was the basis for the legend of John Lloyd the bonesetter. In fact, it is not impossible that a John Lloyd could also have been known as John Jones at that time in Radnorshire.[33] However, the discrepancy in the surname and the different characterisation of Silver John in the earliest known published accounts are significant reasons for thinking that the historical event has been associated with the Lloyd family in error.

 

I welcome comments on this page. My e-mail address is on my home page.

 

LLOYD

 

1          HUGH LLOYD of Llanbister, Radnorshire, yeoman, was buried on 27 August 1742 at Llanbister.[34] He married ANN who was buried on 5 August 1742 at Llanbister.[35]

 

Children of Hugh Lloyd:

2              i               JOHN LLOYD (d 1802); m(1) MARY WILLIAMS; m(2) BRIDGET MEREDITH.

ii              THOMAS LLOYD of Llanbister, farmer; m 10 May 1750, Llanbister, MARY JAMES.[36]

iii             ANN LLOYD.

iv             HUGH LLOYD of Beguildy, bur 9 Nov 1805, Llanbister;[37] m(1) 29 May 1753, Llanbister, SARAH WILLIAMS;[38] m(2) 2 Jun 1759, Llanbister, JANE MEREDITH.[39]

v              JAMES LLOYD.

vi             RICHARD LLOYD, bap 2 Apr 1733, Llanddewi Ystradenni.[40]

vii            JANE LLOYD.

 

2          JOHN LLOYD of Llanbister, farmer, died on 13 January 1802 and was buried on 16 January 1802 at Llanbister.[41] He married first, on 1 January 1748/49 at Llanbister, MARY WILLIAMS.[42] She was buried on 23 February 1764 at Llanbister.[43] John married second, on 5 May 1765 at Llanbister, BRIDGET MEREDITH,[44] daughter of Thomas and Jane Meredith (see here). She was baptised on 8 May 1736 at Llanbister and buried on 12 February 1818 at Llanbister.

 

                Children of John and Mary (Williams) Lloyd:

i               JOHN LLOYD, bap 3 Dec 1749, Llanbister,[45] bur 2 Dec 1752, Llanbister.[46]

ii              THOMAS LLOYD, bur 13 Nov 1751, Llanbister.[47]

iii             JOHN LLOYD of Llanbister, farmer, b ca 1753, d 9 Oct 1845, Llanbister.[48]

iv             JAMES LLOYD of Llanbister, bap 23 Feb 1755, Llanbister,[49] bur 26 Mar 1823, Llanbister.[50]

v              MARY LLOYD, bap 13 Jun 1759, Llanbister.[51]

 

                Children of John and Bridget (Meredith) Lloyd:

vi             THOMAS LLOYD, bap 2 Jun 1765, Llanbister,[52] bur 17 Aug 1773, Llanbister.[53]

vii            ANN LLOYD, bap 24 Aug 1766, Llanbister.[54]

viii           RICHARD LLOYD of Llanbister, farmer, b ca 1768, bur 5 Mar 1846, Llanbister;[55] m 21 Dec 1798, Llanbister, SARAH MORGANS.[56]

3              ix             HUGH LLOYD (1771-1856); m ANN DAKINS.

x              THOMAS LLOYD, bap 1 May 1774, Llanddewi Ystradenni.[57]

 

3          HUGH LLOYD of Baynham Hall, Michaelchurch-on-Arrow, farmer, was born at Llanddewi Ystradenni, baptised on 20 January 1771 at Llanddewi Ystradenni,[58] and died on 9 March 1856 at Michaelchurch-on-Arrow.[59] He married on 1 August 1806 at Llangynllo, ANN DAKINS,[60] daughter of John and Ann (Sanders) Dakins (see here). Ann was born at Llanfihangel Rhydithon, baptised on 10 August 1783 at Llanfihangel Rhydithon, and died on 11 November 1855 at Michaelchurch-on-Arrow.

 

                Children of Hugh and Ann (Dakins) Lloyd:

                                i               JOHN LLOYD of Michaelchurch-on-Arrow, farmer, b Llangynllo, bap there 22 Feb 1807,[61] d 29 Jun 1870, Michaelchurch-on-Arrow;[62] m 27 Sep 1842, Michaelchurch-on-Arrow, ANN (GRIFFITHS) MAINWARING.[63]

                                ii              THOMAS LLOYD of Glascwm and Kington, farmer, b ca 1810, Cascob,[64] d 19 Feb 1880, Kington;[65] m 16 May 1839, Llansantffraed, SOPHIA LLOYD.[66]

                                iii             ANN LLOYD, b ca 1812, Glascwm,[67] d 28 Feb 1886, Brilley;[68] m 1 Aug 1833, Michaelchurch-on-Arrow, JOHN DAVIES[69] (see here).

                                iv             MARY LLOYD, b ca 1815, Glascwm,[70] d 13 Jun 1900, Hereford;[71] m 2 Aug 1836, Michaelchurch-on-Arrow, JOHN GRIFFITHS.[72]

                                v              RICHARD LLOYD of Old Radnor, farmer, b ca 1820, Glascwm,[73] d 22 Jun 1869, Huntington;[74] m 13 Feb 1846, Old Radnor, SARAH PROBERT.[75]

                                vi             WILLIAM LLOYD of Michaelchurch-on-Arrow, farmer, b ca 1821, Glascwm,[76] d 11 Jun 1885, Michaelchurch-on-Arrow;[77] m 19 Apr 1855, Michaelchurch-on-Arrow, JANE GRIFFITHS.[78]

                                vii            HUGH LLOYD of Bryngwyn, farmer and bonesetter, b ca 1825, Glascwm,[79] d 13 Jul 1895, Bronllys;[80] m(1) 24 Jul 1846, Newchurch, ELIZABETH LEWIS;[81] m(2) 31 Jan 1860, Ebenezer Chapel, Hay, SARAH EVANS.[82]

                                viii           SARAH LLOYD, b ca 1828, Glascwm,[83] d 22 Oct 1914, Bryngwyn;[84] m 1 Jun 1848, Michaelchurch-on-Arrow, JAMES EVANS.[85]



[1] 1841 census returns, Michaelchurch-on-Arrow (National Archives, HO 107/1456/11, fol. 5).

[2] 1851 census returns, Michaelchurch-on-Arrow (National Archives, HO 107/2492, fol. 76).

[3] The Hereford Times, 28 Apr 1855.

[4] 1861 census returns, Michaelchurch-on-Arrow (National Archives, RG 9/4227, fol. 62).

[5] 1861 census returns, Michaelchurch-on-Arrow (National Archives, RG 9/4227, fol. 62); 1871 census returns, Michaelchurch-on-Arrow (National Archives, RG 10/2720, fol. 6). In the latter, Hugh Lloyd Davies’s place of birth is given as Glasbury, whereas John and Ann’s son of that name was born at nearby Llandeilo Graban, but there does not seem to be another Hugh Lloyd Davies who could be the one at Baynham Hall in 1871.

[6] The birth certificate of Thomas Griffiths (b 17 Aug 1843, Bryngwyn) confirms that the maiden surname of Mary, wife of John Griffiths, was Lloyd.

[7] 1851 census returns, Bryngwyn (National Archives, HO 107/2491, fol. 194).

[8] 1861 census returns, Bryngwyn (National Archives, RG 9/4224, fol. 20).

[9] Will of William Lloyd (dated 8 Jun 1885, proved 20 Jul 1885 at Hereford); national probate calendars, entry for John Griffiths of Bryngwyn, 1882.

[10] Will of Thomas Lloyd (dated 11 Feb 1880, proved 28 May 1880 at Hereford).

[11] The Kington Times, 10 Jul 1948. It may also be noted that John Arthur Stratton (1920-1993) was a great-grandson of Thomas and Sophia (Lloyd) Lloyd and considered Thomas to be a son of Hugh Lloyd of Baynham Hall. John had evidently been in contact with some of the descendants of Thomas’s siblings. John’s mother Sarah Janet (Lloyd) Stratton lived until 1989.

[12] Monumental inscription at Michaelchurch-on-Arrow.

[13] Llanddewi Ystradenni parish registers (Powys County Archives Office).

[14] Llangynllo parish registers (Society of Genealogists, London, Mf 2516).

[15] Llanddewi Ystradenni parish registers (Powys County Archives Office).

[16] National Library of Wales, BR1812-2.

[17] National Library of Wales, BR1806-2.

[18] National Library of Wales, BR1790-32.

[19] National Archives, C 13/1911/20; James Manning and T.C. Granger, ed., Cases Argued and Determined in the Court of Common Pleas, vol. 1 (London, 1841), 671-86. The will of David Lloyd is National Archives, PROB 11/1895/270.

[20] The Hereford Times, 6 Apr 1839.

[21] The Hereford Times, 2 Feb 1839.

[22] His monumental inscription at Michaelchurch-on-Arrow includes the following verse:

                A talent rare by him possessed

                T’adjust the bones of the distressed

                Whenever called he ne’er refused

                But cheerfully his talent used

                But now he lies beneath this tomb

                Till Jesus comes t’adjust his own

The lines are said to have been composed by Hugh’s son-in-law John Griffiths (The Kington Times, 10 Jul 1948).

[23] The Kington Times, 5 Jul 1930; letters from John A. Stratton, 21 Nov 1992 and 5 Dec 1992.

[24] The Gentleman’s Magazine, n.s. 9(Jan-Jun 1838):662-63.

[25] National Library of Wales, BR1742-69.

[26] See, for example, Sid Wright, Silver John (Hereford, 1943) and Robin Gwyndaf, Welsh Folk Tales (Cardiff, 1992), 74.

[27] See R.C.B. Oliver, “John Hutchinson: Teacher, Poet and Librarian, 1829-1916”, The Transactions of the Radnorshire Society, 50(1980):34-55.

[28] J. Hutchinson, “Chats on Counties: Radnorshire”, Time, 6(1881-82):75-80. The account of Silver John in W. Bowen Hamer, Radnorshire in History, Topography and Romance (Llandrindod Wells, 1914), 117-18, uses almost identical wording.

[29] National Library of Wales, Great Sessions, 4/526/8.

[30] J. Bounds, “Silver John of New Radnor”, The Radnorshire Society Transactions, 11(1941):38.

[31] W.H. Howse, Radnor Old and New (Hereford, 1944).

[32] Wright, Silver John, 4, 7.

[33] This was pointed out in 2007 in a post in the Radnorian blog, where the existence of the Great Sessions records relating to the murder of Silver John was noted.

[34] The Parish Registers of the Parish Church of Llanbister (Powys Family History Society, 2006); National Library of Wales, BR1742-69. Hugh’s will mentions his brother David Lloyd.

[35] The Parish Registers of the Parish Church of Llanbister (Powys Family History Society, 2006). She may have been Ann Price as Hugh Lloyd’s will mentions his brother-in-law James Price. A Hugh Lloyd and Anne Pryce were married at Leinthall Starkes, Herefordshire, on 2 Jun 1719. Chronologically, this is a possible marriage for the Llanbister couple although a little later than might be expected from the wording of Hugh’s will, which suggests that three of his children were at least twenty-one in Aug 1742. It is not yet known whether Ann was the mother of all Hugh’s children. The will of a Hugh Price of Llanbister, written in 1705, mentions both a son James and a daughter Ann (National Library of Wales, BR1706-33). Hugh Lloyd’s brother-in-law James Price could perhaps be James Price of Castle Pren, Llanddewi Ystradenni.

[36] The Parish Registers of the Parish Church of Llanbister (Powys Family History Society, 2006); The Gentleman’s Magazine, n.s. 9(Jan-Jun 1838):662-63.

[37] The Parish Registers of the Parish Church of Llanbister (Powys Family History Society, 2006); National Library of Wales, BR1806-2.

[38] The Parish Registers of the Parish Church of Llanbister (Powys Family History Society, 2006).

[39] The Parish Registers of the Parish Church of Llanbister (Powys Family History Society, 2006).

[40] Records of the Parish Church of Llanddewi Ystradenni (Powys Family History Society, 2005).

[41] The Parish Registers of the Parish Church of Llanbister (Powys Family History Society, 2006); National Library of Wales, BR1802-45.

[42] The Parish Registers of the Parish Church of Llanbister (Powys Family History Society, 2006).

[43] The Parish Registers of the Parish Church of Llanbister (Powys Family History Society, 2006).

[44] The Parish Registers of the Parish Church of Llanbister (Powys Family History Society, 2006).

[45] The Parish Registers of the Parish Church of Llanbister (Powys Family History Society, 2006).

[46] The Parish Registers of the Parish Church of Llanbister (Powys Family History Society, 2006).

[47] The Parish Registers of the Parish Church of Llanbister (Powys Family History Society, 2006).

[48] Death certificate; The Parish Registers of the Parish Church of Llanbister (Powys Family History Society, 2006). The marital history of John Lloyd is unclear, but it was said in 1838 that he was “a bone setter and his sons [were] common labouring men” (National Archives, C 13/1911/20).

[49] The Parish Registers of the Parish Church of Llanbister (Powys Family History Society, 2006). He may be the James Lloyd who married Elizabeth Thomas on 24 Dec 1790 at Llanbister.

[50] National Burial Index (online at www.findmypast.co.uk).

[51] The Parish Registers of the Parish Church of Llanbister (Powys Family History Society, 2006). She may be the Mary Lloyd who married Edward Middleton on 16 May 1784 at Llanbister and she was perhaps buried there on 29 Mar 1818.

[52] The Parish Registers of the Parish Church of Llanbister (Powys Family History Society, 2006).

[53] The Parish Registers of the Parish Church of Llanbister (Powys Family History Society, 2006).

[54] The Parish Registers of the Parish Church of Llanbister (Powys Family History Society, 2006).

[55] The Parish Registers of the Parish Church of Llanbister (Powys Family History Society, 2006); National Archives, PROB 11/2037/288. The will of Richard Lloyd mentions his “Nephew Thomas Dyke the younger of Little Crosscunnon in the parish of Llanbister” but the exact connection is unclear. The Thomas in question seems to have been baptised at Llanddewi Ystradenni in 1815, son of Thomas and Ann Dyke. Thomas Dyke and Ann Owens were married at Llanbister in 1811, and Ann is described as a spinster on the marriage bond. Thomas Dyke deposed in 1839 that his wife was a first cousin of David Lloyd, the vicar of Llanbister (The Hereford Times, 6 Apr 1839).

[56] The Parish Registers of the Parish Church of Llanbister (Powys Family History Society, 2006).

[57] Llanddewi Ystradenni parish registers (Powys County Archives Office). A Thomas Lloyd of Llanddewi Ystradenni, farmer, married Mary Wooley in 1815, died on 1 May 1818, and was buried on 4 May 1818 at Llanddewi Ystradenni, aged 44, with administration being granted to his widow Mary (National Library of Wales, BR1818-44). However, that Thomas appears to be the one baptised on 4 Jan 1774 at Llanddewi Ystradenni, son of Richard Lloyd, rather than the son of John baptised there the same year (National Library of Wales, BR1826-27, BR1831-2).

[58] Llanddewi Ystradenni parish registers (Powys County Archives Office); 1851 census returns, Michaelchurch-on-Arrow (National Archives, HO 107/2492, fol. 76).

[59] Death certificate.

[60] Llangynllo parish registers (online at www.findmypast.co.uk).

[61] Llangynllo parish registers (Society of Genealogists, Mf 2516); 1851 census returns, Michaelchurch-on-Arrow (National Archives, HO 107/2492, fol. 75).

[62] Death certificate.

[63] Marriage certificate. This describes the bride as Ann Mainwaring, a widow, but does not name her father. The birth certificate of their son John Lloyd (b 9 Jan 1843 at Michaelchurch) also does not provide Ann’s maiden name, referring to her as Ann Lloyd, formerly Mainwaring. However, Thomas Mainwaring of Michaelchurch-on-Arrow and Ann Griffiths were married on 21 Apr 1829 at Llansantffraed-yn-Elfael and Llansantffraed is where Ann, wife of John Lloyd, is said to have been born (Llansantffraed-yn-Elfael parish registers, Powys County Archives Office; 1851 census returns, Michaelchurch-on-Arrow, National Archives, HO 107/2492, fol. 75).

[64] 1851 census returns, Glascwm (National Archives, HO 107/2492, fol. 106). He may be the Thomas Lloyd, son of Hugh and Ann, who was baptised at Bleddfa on 23 Jul 1809.

[65] Grant of probate.

[66] Marriage certificate.

[67] 1851 census returns, Llowes (National Archives, HO 107/2491, fol. 234).

[68] Death certificate.

[69] Michaelchurch-on-Arrow parish registers (Society of Genealogists, Mf 2047).

[70] 1861 census returns, Bryngwyn (National Archives, RG 9/4224, fol. 20).

[71] Death certificate; monumental inscription at Hermon Chapel, Rhosgoch.

[72] Michaelchurch-on-Arrow parish registers (Society of Genealogists, Mf 2047).

[73] 1851 census returns, Old Radnor and Burlingjobb (National Archives, HO 107/2492, fol. 190).

[74] Death certificate; monumental inscription at Michaelchurch-on-Arrow.

[75] Marriage certificate.

[76] 1851 census returns, Michaelchurch-on-Arrow (National Archives, HO 107/2492, fol. 76).

[77] Grant of probate.

[78] Marriage certificate.

[79] 1861 census returns, Bryngwyn (National Archives, RG 9/4224, fol. 15).

[80] Death certificate; 1871 census returns, Bryngwyn (National Archives , RG 10/5592, fol. 17); 1881 census returns, Llanstephan (National Archives , RG 11/5469, fol. 80); 1891 census returns, Bronllys (National Archives, RG 12/4578, fol. 13).

[81] Marriage certificate.

[82] Marriage certificate.

[83] 1851 census returns (National Archives, Brilley, HO 107/2492, fol. 55).

[84] Death certificate.

[85] Marriage certificate.