GREENWOOD OF WORTLEY

 

A transcription of George Greenwood’s monumental inscription at Wortley gives his age in January 1851 as forty-two, and his death certificate states he was forty-three, giving a date of birth of about 1808. The certificate for the marriage of George to his second wife Hannah (Mawson) Rayner shows that George’s father was James Greenwood, a clothier. The baptism of a George Greenwood, son of James of Marsh Lane, at St. Peter, Leeds, on 5 March 1809 fits with these details. The parish registers state that George was born on 11 December 1808, giving an excellent fit with the stated ages at death of George Greenwood in 1851.

 

Another clue to George’s ancestry is that his death was registered by a Thomas Greenwood of Nelson Row, Wortley, and a Thomas and Elizabeth Greenwood were enumerated adjacently to George’s family on Nelson Row at the time of the 1841 census. Thomas is described as a woollen weaver, his age being given as 35, and Elizabeth’s age is given as 50.[1] These appear to be Thomas Greenwood, 44, woollen cloth weaver, born at Leeds, and his wife Elizabeth, 61, born at Sowerby Bridge, who were living on Geldard Road, Wortley, in 1851.[2] The age of Thomas matches with a Thomas, son of James Greenwood of Marsh Lane, born on 18 May 1806 and baptised at St. Peter, Leeds, on 10 July 1806.

 

The number of children James Greenwood of Marsh Lane is not clear. According to the parish registers of St. Peter, Leeds, Mary Ann, daughter of James Greenwood, clothier, and Ann, of Marsh Lane, was born on 30 October 1815 and baptised on 1 January 1816; and Elizabeth, daughter of James Greenwood, clothier, of Marsh Lane, and Mary, was baptised on 25 May 1818. It is not yet clear whether these latter two entries relate to two different James Greenwoods, or the same man with two different wives, or whether one of the entries is in error regarding the mother’s name. There was also a Daniel, son of James Greenwood of Marsh Lane, born on 20 February 1811 and baptised on 16 April 1811. The burials include John, son of James Greenwood of Marsh Lane, on 18 January 1808 aged three weeks, Sarah, daughter of James and Ann Greenwood of Marsh Lane, on 28 February 1813 aged six weeks, and Joseph, son of James and Ann Greenwood of Marsh Lane, aged seven months, on 29 October 1814. Joseph, son of James and Ann Greenwood of Peter Gate, the father being a clothier, had been born on 10 January 1814 and baptised on 12 April 1814.

 

A James Greenwood married a Mary Bolton at St. Peter, Leeds, on 19 January 1805.

 

On the other hand, in the parish register entry for his marriage to Mary Ann Quarmby in 1828, George Greenwood is stated to have been of Midgley, and there were Greenwoods in Midgley around the time of George’s birth. There was a George, son of James and Moriah Greenwood of Midgley, baptised at Luddenden on 13 September 1812, although that seems slightly late to be the George who married Mary Ann Quarmby unless he was not baptised soon after birth.

 

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GREENWOOD

 

1         JAMES GREENWOOD, clothier.

 

                Child of James Greenwood:[3]

                2             ii             GEORGE GREENWOOD (ca 1808-1851); m(1) MARY ANN QUARMBY; m(2) HANNAH (MAWSON) RAYNER.

 

2         GEORGE GREENWOOD of New Road, Leeds, and of New Wortley, Yorkshire, woollen weaver, was born ca 1808 and died on 4 January 1851 at Wortley.[4] He married first, on 17 February 1828 at Halifax, Yorkshire, MARY ANN QUARMBY,[5] daughter of William and Mary (Berry) Quarmby of Warley, Yorkshire (see here). Mary Ann was born on 22 May 1809, baptised on 13 August 1809 at Sowerby Bridge, Yorkshire, and died on 18 April 1847 at Wortley. George Greenwood married second, on 8 November 1847 at St. Peter, Leeds, HANNAH (MAWSON) RAYNER, daughter of Joshua and Joanna (Butterfield) Mawson and widow of Jonathan Rayner.[6] Hannah was born at Armley and baptised there on 19 December 1806.[7] She later married Anthony Arnold.[8]

 

                Children of George and Mary Ann (Quarmby) Greenwood:

                         i        WILLIAM GREENWOOD of Wortley, iron moulder, b 23 May 1828, Sowerby Bridge,[9] bur 1 Feb 1903, New Wortley Cemetery;[10] m 31 Aug 1851, St. Peter, Leeds, REBECCA BEAUMONT.[11]

                         ii       SARAH ANN GREENWOOD, b 19 Jun 1830, Leeds.[12]

                         iii      FRANCES GREENWOOD, b 2 Jun 1833, Leeds;[13] m 22 Jul 1854, St. Peter, Leeds, JAMES GALLOWAY.[14]

                3       iv     JAMES GREENWOOD (1835-1896); m(1) ANN SOWDEN; m(2) MAZELLA (SMITH) (HORNER) CHILD.

                         v      MARY GREENWOOD, b 1 Sep 1838, bap 7 Oct 1838, St. Peter, Leeds.[15]

                         vi     JOSEPH QUARMBY GREENWOOD of New Wortley, and of Runcorn, Cheshire,[16] clogger, b 13 Nov 1840, Wortley;[17] m 20 Apr 1863, Hulme, Lancashire, ANN GUY.[18]

                         vii    ELIZABETH GREENWOOD, b 3 Feb 1843, bap 12 Mar 1843, Holbeck.[19]

 

                Child of George and Hannah (Mawson) (Rayner) Greenwood:

                         viii   HANNAH GREENWOOD, bap 11 Mar 1849, Holbeck;[20] m 26 Dec 1870, Hunslet, JOHN EVANS.[21]

 

3         JAMES GREENWOOD of Gashouse Court, Wortley, iron moulder, was born on 13 April 1835 at Wortley[22] and died on 22 March 1896 at New Wortley.[23] He married first, on 18 September 1858 at St. Peter, Leeds, ANN SOWDEN,[24] daughter of Joseph and Sarah (Wilcock) Sowden of Wortley (see here). Ann was born on 30 March 1836 at Stanningley and died on 15 March 1875 at New Wortley. James Greenwood married second, on 13 September 1875 at St. Peter, Leeds, MAZELLA (SMITH) (HORNER) CHILD,[25] daughter of Henry and Hannah Smith of Sherburn in Elmet, Yorkshire, and widow of Joseph Horner and Jackson Child.[26] Mazella was born on 25 November 1835 at Sherburn in Elmet[27] and died on 25 May 1888 at New Wortley.[28]

 

                Children of James and Ann (Sowden) Greenwood:[29]

                                i              SARAH JANE GREENWOOD, b 9 Mar 1859, Wortley,[30] d 22 Feb 1929, Leeds;[31] m(1) 8 Jul 1877, Hunslet Moor, Yorkshire, JOHN ATKINSON[32] (see here); m(2) 17 Nov 1912, Leeds Register Office, EDWARD WILLIAMSON.[33]

                                ii             ALBERT GREENWOOD of Holbeck, mechanic, b 14 Sep 1866, Holbeck;[34] m 6 May 1888, Holbeck, ANN ELIZABETH BATTY.[35]

                                iii            ARTHUR GREENWOOD of Wortley, cartman, b 3 Oct 1868, New Wortley;[36] m 25 Dec 1889, Armley Hall, SARAH HANDLEY.[37]

                                iv            MARY ANN GREENWOOD, b 5 Nov 1870, New Wortley,[38] bur 20 Feb 1950, New Wortley Cemetery;[39] m 15 Sep 1890, Holbeck, SYDNEY HERN JOHNSON.[40]

 

                Children of James and Mazella (Smith) (Horner) (Child) Greenwood:

                                v              MAZELLA GREENWOOD, b ca May 1878, bur 22 Sep 1878, New Wortley Cemetery.[41]

                                vi            MAVELDA GREENWOOD, b 5 Sep 1879, New Wortley,[42] d 7 May 1891, Holbeck.[43]



[1] National Archives, 1841 census returns, Wortley, HO 107/1350/3, fol. 18.

[2] National Archives, 1851 census returns, Wortley, HO 107/2314, fol. 284.

[3] Marriage certificate for George Greenwood and Hannah (Mawson) Rayner.

[4] Death certificate. However, a transcription of his monumental inscription gives the date as 5 Jan. The death was registered on 5 Jan.

[5] Halifax parish registers (West Yorkshire Archive Service, WDP53/1/55).

[6] Marriage certificate for George and Hannah (Mawson) (Rayner) Greenwood; Armley parish registers; St. Peter, Leeds, parish registers.

[7] National Archives, 1851 census returns, Wortley, HO 107/2314, fol. 284; Armley parish registers.

[8] Hunslet parish registers (available online at http://www.ancestry.com).

[9] Sowerby Bridge parish registers (West Yorkshire Archive Service, WDP93/1/4); National Archives, 1851 census returns, Wortley, HO 107/2314, fol. 284.

[10] New Wortley Cemetery registers. His wife Rebecca had been buried in the same grave in 1891.

[11] St. Peter, Leeds, parish registers.

[12] St. Peter, Leeds, parish registers; National Archives, 1851 census returns, Wortley, HO 107/2314, fol. 284.

[13] St. Peter, Leeds, parish registers; National Archives, 1851 census returns, Wortley, HO 107/2314, fol. 285.

[14] St. Peter, Leeds, parish registers.

[15] St. Peter, Leeds, parish registers.

[16] See National Archives, 1891 census returns, Runcorn, RG 12/2832, fol. 94.

[17] Birth certificate.

[18] Marriage certificate. Annie, daughter of Joseph Quarmby and Ann Greenwood, was baptised on 7 Jan 1866 at St. Peter, Leeds.

[19] Holbeck parish registers (available online at http://www.ancestry.com); National Archives, 1851 census returns, Wortley, HO 107/2314, fol. 285.

[20] Holbeck parish registers (available online at http://www.ancestry.com); National Archives, 1851 census returns, Wortley, HO 107/2314, fol. 285.

[21] Hunslet parish registers (available online at http://www.ancestry.com); National Archives, 1871 census returns, Hunslet, RG 10/4513, fol. 126.

[22] St. Peter, Leeds, parish registers; National Archives, 1851 census returns, Wortley, HO 107/2314, fol. 285.

[23] Death certificate.

[24] Marriage certificate.

[25] Marriage certificate.

[26] Mazella married Joseph Horner at York register office on 29 Mar 1851 (marriage certificate, which gives her age as nineteen, but she would have been only fifteen at the time) and then Jackson Child on 18 Jun 1870 at Wakefield register office (marriage certificate).

[27] The date is given in the Sherburn in Elmet parish registers. Mazella was born at South Milford according to the 1881 census returns for New Wortley (National Archives, RG 11/4505, fol. 106), though at the time of her baptism the Sherburn in Elmet parish registers record that her family was living at Sherburn. South Milford was in the parish of Sherburn in Elmet.

[28] Death certificate; New Wortley Cemetery registers. In the latter, she is described as wife of George, but it is clear this is an error for James. Others buried in the same grave as Mazella (Smith) (Child) Greenwood were Ann (Sowden) Greenwood in 1875, Mazella Greenwood in 1878 and Sarah (Wilcock) Sowden in 1883.

[29] National Archives, 1871 census returns, Wortley, RG 10/4534, fols. 69-70.

[30] Birth certificate.

[31] The Yorkshire Evening Post, 22 Feb 1929.

[32] Marriage certificate.

[33] Marriage certificate.

[34] St. Peter, Leeds, parish registers; National Archives, 1871 census returns, Wortley, RG 10/4534, fol. 70.

[35] Holbeck parish registers.

[36] St. Peter, Leeds, parish registers (available online at http://www.ancestry.com); National Archives, 1881 census returns, New Wortley, RG 11/4505, fol. 106. Arthur was not baptised until 1873.

[37] Marriage certificate. The New Wortley Cemetery registers record the burial in 1912 of Sarah Greenwood, wife of Arthur, in the same grave as James Greenwood in 1896, and Sydney and Mary Ann (Greenwood) Johnson.

[38] St. Peter, Leeds, parish registers; National Archives, 1871 census returns, Wortley, RG 10/4534, fol. 70; National Archives, 1881 census returns, New Wortley, RG 11/4505, fol. 106.

[39] New Wortley Cemetery registers. She was buried in the same grave as her father.

[40] Holbeck parish registers.

[41] New Wortley Cemetery registers.

[42] Birth certificate.

[43] Death certificate.