RAWLINGS OF KINGTON


The William Rawlings who was the father of Naomi (Rawlings) Harrison was said in census returns to have been born at Hereford,[1] with the 1891 returns specifically stating All Saints, Hereford.[2] However, no William Rawlings is recorded in the All Saints parish registers as having been baptised there in the period 1810 to 1820. Williamís age was given as seventy-six in the 1891 census returns and seventy-nine on the certificate for his death in 1894. His age in 1881 was given as fifty-six, apparently an error. The baptism of William Rawlings at Much Cowarne in 1815, son of William and Eleanor, is the only one I have been able to find which fits with the age of Naomiís father. The fact that William and Eleanor (Child) Rawlings were married at All Saints and lived in that parish prior to Williamís birth, coupled with William (husband of Eleanor Child) being a mason, the same occupation as that of William (husband of Ellen Jones), supports the identification of the latter as a son of the former. If William Rawlings and Ellen Jones were married after the start of civil registration in 1837, the marriage record would probably identify their fathers, but unfortunately I have not been able to find any direct record of their marriage.
 
It seems likely that Eleanor (Child) Rawlings was the Eleanor Rawlings who was buried at Much Cowarne on 24 September 1822, aged 40, and that her widower William was the man who married Jane Rogers on 21 August 1823 at Much Cowarne.[3] The 1851 census returns for Preston Wynne show William Rawlings, 67, a stone masonís labourer, born at Much Cowarne, with a wife Jane, 56, born at Bishops Frome, Herefordshire, and a daughter Elizabeth, 14, born at Preston Wynne. The 1841 returns for Preston Wynne record a William Rawlings (50), mason, with a Jane Rawlings (40), Elizabeth Rawlings (15), John Rawlings (10) and Eliza Rawlings (4), all born in Herefordshire. William Rollins, mason, died on 10 March 1866 at Much Cowarne, when his age was given as 82.

Some of the sources cited in this account were searched on my behalf by a record searcher, Dianne Foster of Gwystre, Powys.

 
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RAWLINGS

1††††††††† WILLIAM RAWLINGS of Burley Gate, Much Cowarne, Herefordshire, mason, married on 26 May 1808 at All Saints, Hereford, ELEANOR CHILD.[4]


††† Children of William and Eleanor (Child) Rawlings:

 †††††††††††††††††† i†††††††††††††† FANNY RAWLINGS, bap 19 Mar 1809, All Saints, Hereford. [5]

††††††††††††††† 2††††††††††††† ii  ††††††††††† WILLIAM RAWLINGS (1815-1894); m ELLEN JONES.
††††††††††††††† iii ††††††††††† MARY RAWLINGS, bap 27 Jul 1817, Ocle Pychard, Herefordshire.[6]
 
 

2 †††††††† WILLIAM RAWLINGS of Crooked Well, Kington, Herefordshire, stone mason, was baptised on 14 May 1815 at Much Cowarne[7] and died on 10 May 1894 at Kington.[8] He married ELLEN JONES[9] who was born ca 1818 at Llanbrynmair, Montgomeryshire[10] and died on 22 January 1884 at Kington.[11]

††††††††††††††† Children of William and Ellen (Jones) Rawlings:[12]

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† i†††††††††††††† RUTH RAWLINGS, b ca 1843, Herefordshire.[13]
      ††††††††††††††††††††††††† ii   †††††††††† NAOMI RAWLINGS, b 27 Nov 1847, Lymm, Cheshire,[14] d 27 Apr 1903, Kington;[15] m 30 Oct 1870, Kington Wesleyan Chapel, CHARLES HARRISON[16] (see here) .

††† ††††††† ††† iii†††††††††††† BOAZ RAWLINGS, b 26 Feb 1850, Congleton, Cheshire,[17] d 31 May 1854, Bodenham, Herefordshire.[18]
      ††††††††††††† ††††††††††† iv  †††††††††† RUTH RAWLINGS, b 9 Dec 1852, Hereford.[19]



[1] For example the 1861 census returns for Kington (National Archives, RG 9/4230, fol. 44).

[2] 1891 census returns, Kington (National Archives , RG 12/2077, fol. 41).

[3] Much Cowarne parish registers.

[4] All Saints, Hereford, parish registers.

[5] All Saints, Hereford, parish registers.

[6] Ocle Pychard parish registers.

[7] Much Cowarne parish registers.

[8] Death certificate. His daughter Naomi (Rawlings) Harrison was the informant.

[9] Her maiden name is from the birth certificates of her children Naomi, Boaz and Ruth.

[10] 1881 census returns. However, in the 1851 census returns (National Archives , HO 107/2167, fol. 498), she is said to have been born at Manchester in Lancashire.

[11] Death certificate.

[12] They were likely the William Rawlings, 25, mason, and Elienor Rawlings, 26, who were living at Tillington in 1841 (1841 census returns, National Archives, HO 107/422/6, fol. 18). Living with them was Margarett Rawlings, 2, probably a daughter. William is shown as born in Herefordshire and Elienor and Margarett as not born in Herefordshire.

[13] 1851 census returns, Congleton (National Archives, HO 107/2167, fol. 498), which show Ruth as aged 8 and born at ďHerefordĒ. She may be the Ruth Rowlands whose birth certificate shows her to have been born on 8 Nov 1842 at Abbey Dore, daughter of William Rowlands, mason, and Eleanor Rowlands, formerly Edwards (sic).

[14] Birth certificate. Her birth was registered under the spelling Rowlands.

[15]Death certificate.

[16] Marriage certificate.

[17] Birth certificate.

[18] Death certificate. This identifies the child as Boaz Rollings, aged four years, a labourerís child, who was accidentally drowned. There does not seem to be any individual to whom this could relate other than Boaz, son of William and Ellen (Jones) Rawlings.

[19] Birth certificate.