RAWLINGS OF MUCH COWARNE AND KINGTON


The William Rawlings who was the father of Naomi (Rawlings) Harrison was said in census returns to have been born at Hereford,[1] with the 1891 returns specifically stating All Saints, Hereford.[2] However, no William Rawlings is recorded in the All Saints parish registers as having been baptised there in the period 1810 to 1820. Williamís age was given as seventy-six in the 1891 census returns and seventy-nine on the certificate for his death in 1894. His age in 1881 was given as fifty-six, apparently an error. The baptism of William Rawlings at Much Cowarne in 1815, son of William and Eleanor, is the only one I have been able to find which fits with the age of Naomiís father. The fact that William and Eleanor (Child) Rawlings were married at All Saints and lived in that parish prior to Williamís birth, coupled with William (husband of Eleanor Child) being a mason, the same occupation as that of William (husband of Ellen Jones), supports the identification of the latter as a son of the former.

 

William Rawlings, father of Naomi (Rawlings) Harrison, appears to have married twice in view of the motherís maiden names given on his childrenís birth certificates: Edwards and Jones. In both cases, the wifeís name was Eleanor, or Ellen as it appears in some records. However, no marriage has been found for William with the brideís surname as either Edwards or Jones, nor has a death or burial of the first wife been found which would allow William to marry again. There is a chance that Eleanor Edwards and Ellen Jones were the same person, with the different surnames being due to a late use of the Welsh patronymic system or some other reason. Ruth Rawlings, born in 1842 with the motherís name recorded as Edwards, is listed in the 1851 census returns along with other members of the family including Boaz Rawlings who was born in 1850 with the motherís name recorded as Jones, so it seems clear that the father William Rawlings in each case is the same person.

 

An Elinor, daughter of John Edwards and Elizabeth his wife, was baptised on 23 June 1816 at Llanbrynmair Old Chapel.[3]

 

Derek Vincent Davies, a great-great-grandson of William and Ellen (Jones) Rawlings, has several DNA matches with descendants of individuals from Llanbrynmair surnamed Bebb. There was an Elinor Edward, illegitimate daughter of Blaney Edward and Elinor Bebb, baptised at Llanbrynmair on 24 February 1815. Blaney Edward and Elinor Bebb were married there later the same year.

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RAWLINGS

 

1††††††† RICHARD RAWLINGS married MARY.

 

Children of Richard and Mary Rawlings:[4]

2††††††††††††† i†††††††††††††† WILLIAM RAWLINGS (1784-1866); m(1) ELEANOR CHILD; m(2) JANE ROGERS.

 

2†††††† WILLIAM RAWLINGS of Burley Gate, Much Cowarne, Herefordshire, mason, was born at Much Cowarne,[5] baptised on 18 January 1784 at Much Cowarne[6] and died on 10 March 1866 at Much Cowarne.[7] He married first, on 26 May 1808 at All Saints, Hereford, ELEANOR CHILD.[8] Eleanor was born about 1782 and buried on 24 September 1822 at Much Cowarne.[9] William married second, on 21 August 1823 at Much Cowarne, JANE ROGERS.[10] Jane was born about 1795 at Bishopís Frome[11] and died about 1856.[12]


Children of William and Eleanor (Child) Rawlings:

 †††††††††††††††††† i†††††††††††††† FANNY RAWLINGS, bap 19 Mar 1809, All Saints, Hereford.[13]

††††††††††††††† 3††††††††††††† ii  †††††††††† WILLIAM RAWLINGS (1815-1894); m(1) ELEANOR EDWARDS; m(2) ELLEN JONES.
††††††††††††††† iii †††††††††† MARY RAWLINGS, bap 27 Jul 1817, Ocle Pychard, Herefordshire.[14]

 

Child of William and Jane (Rogers) Rawlings:[15]

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† iv†††††††††††† ELIZABETH RAWLINGS, b ca 1837, Preston Wynne, Herefordshire.[16]
 
 

3 †††††† WILLIAM RAWLINGS of Crooked Well, Kington, Herefordshire, stone mason, was baptised on 14 May 1815 at Much Cowarne[17] and died on 10 May 1894 at Kington.[18] He married first, ELEANOR EDWARDS,[19] who was born about 1815.[20] William married second, ELLEN JONES,[21] who was born about 1817 at Llanbrynmair, Montgomeryshire,[22] and died on 22 January 1884 at Kington.[23]

Children of William and Eleanor (Edwards) Rawlings:[24]

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† i†††††††††††††† RUTH RAWLINGS, b 8 Nov 1842, Abbey Dore, Herefordshire,[25] d 28 Nov 1851, Leebotwood, Shropshire.[26]

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ii††††††††††††† NAOMI RAWLINGS, b 16 May 1845, Hereford.[27]

Children of William and Ellen (Jones) Rawlings:

      †††††††††††††††††††††††† iii   †††††††† NAOMI RAWLINGS, b 27 Nov 1847, Lymm, Cheshire,[28] d 27 Apr 1903, Kington;[29] m 30 Oct 1870, Kington Wesleyan Chapel, CHARLES HARRISON[30] (see here).

††††††††††††††† iv†††††††††††† BOAZ RAWLINGS, b 26 Feb 1850, Congleton, Cheshire,[31] d 31 May 1854, Bodenham, Herefordshire.[32]
      †††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† RUTH RAWLINGS, b 9 Dec 1852, Hereford.[33]

 



[1] For example the 1861 census returns for Kington (National Archives, RG 9/4230, fol. 44).

[2] 1891 census returns, Kington (National Archives , RG 12/2077, fol. 41).

[3] Llanbrynmair Old Chapel Congregational registers (National Archives, RG 4/4068).

[4] They may have also been the parents of Richard Rawlings (bap 4 Mar 1769, Much Cowarne) and Ann Rawlings (bap 20 Jan 1771, Much Cowarne), but the gap between the baptism of Ann in 1771 and the baptism of William in 1784 suggests the possibility that the parents were not the same. There appears to have been more than one contemporary Richard Rawlings in Much Cowarne.

[5] 1851 census returns, Preston Wynne (National Archives, HO 107/1977, fol. 374).

[6] Much Cowarne parish registers (Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre).

[7] Death certificate.

[8] All Saints, Hereford, parish registers (Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre). Richard Child and Fanny Child were witnesses. It is possible that Eleanor was a daughter of Richard and Anne Child who had children (including a daughter Fanny) baptised at All Saints, Hereford, around the time that Eleanor was born. Richard and Anneís son Richard has descendants who have DNA matches of 10 cM and 9 cM with Derek Vincent Davies, a great-great-great-grandson of William and Eleanor (Child) Rawlings.

[9] Much Cowarne parish registers.

[10] Much Cowarne parish registers.

[11] 1851 census returns, Preston Wynne (National Archives, HO 107/1977, fol. 374).

[12] 1851 census returns, Preston Wynne (National Archives, HO 107/1977, fol. 374); 1861 census returns, Much Cowarne (National Archives, RG 9/1828, fol. 28).

[13] All Saints, Hereford, parish registers.

[14] Ocle Pychard parish registers.

[15] There may have been other children as the 1841 census returns for Preston Wynne record a William Rawlings (aged 50), mason, with a Jane Rawlings (40), Elizabeth Rawlings (15 - possibly the Elizabeth Rawlings baptised on 2 Jan 1825 at Bromyard), John Rawlings (10) and Eliza Rawlings (4).

[16] 1851 census returns, Preston Wynne (National Archives, HO 107/1977, fol. 374).

[17] Much Cowarne parish registers.

[18] Death certificate. His daughter Naomi (Rawlings) Harrison was the informant.

[19] Her maiden name is from the birth certificates of her daughters Ruth and Naomi.

[20] 1841 census returns, Tillington (National Archives, HO 107/422/6, fol. 18). She is shown as not born in Herefordshire.

[21] Her maiden name is from the birth certificates of her children Naomi, Boaz and Ruth.

[22] 1861 census returns, Kington (National Archives, RG 9/4230, fol. 44). However, in the 1851 census returns (National Archives , HO 107/2167, fol. 498), she is said to have been born at Manchester in Lancashire.

[23] Death certificate.

[24] They probably also had a daughter Margaret, born about 1839: 1841 census returns, Tillington (National Archives, HO 107/422/6, fol. 18).

[25] Birth certificate (as Ruth Rowlands); 1851 census returns, Congleton (National Archives, HO 107/2167, fol. 498).

[26] Death certificate.

[27] Birth certificate.

[28] Birth certificate. Her birth was registered under the spelling Rowlands.

[29] Death certificate.

[30] Marriage certificate.

[31] Birth certificate.

[32] Death certificate. This identifies the child as Boaz Rollings, aged four years, a labourerís child, who was accidentally drowned. See also Hereford Journal, 14 Jun 1854, where he is called Boyce Rawlings.

[33] Birth certificate. She was probably the Ruth Rawlings buried at Little Dean, Gloucestershire, on 13 Feb 1855.