WILCOCK OF STANNINGLEY
The parentage of Sarah Wilcock, wife of Joseph Sowden, is not entirely clear but a key document for identifying Sarah’s origins is the will of Samuel Wilcock of Dewsbury, dated 27 Nov 1861 and proved at Wakefield on 4 Sep 1867. Samuel leaves legacies to “my Nephews and Nieces hereinafter mentioned namely To George Carter of Sheffield Stone Mason Mary the wife of William Wilcock of Stanningley near Leeds Slubber Joshua Wilcock of Rickardshaw in the township of Pudsey Innkeeper David Wilcock of Humanbee near Burlington Farmer Ann the wife of the said James Greenwood of New Wortley near Leeds aforesaid William Sowden of Dewsbury aforesaid Weaver John Sowden Son of Joseph Sowden New Wortley near Leeds aforesaid”.
The families of the nieces and nephews named in the will of Samuel Wilcock were investigated with the aim of identifying the parents of Sarah (Wilcock) Sowden and the account below gives the details found.
So far the parents of the apparent siblings John, Hannah, Samuel and Sarah Wilcock have not been definitely identified, but one candidate for their father is William Wilcock, whose daughter Hannah was baptised at Calverley in 1783. A William Wilcock of Stanningley was buried at Calverley on 10 Jan 1807 aged fifty-two. However, there was more than one Hannah Wilcock of similar age in the area.
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1 WILCOCK had the following children:
2 i JOHN WILCOCK; m NANCY GREAVES.
3 ii HANNAH WILCOCK (ca 1785-1863); m(1) WILLIAM SOWDEN; m(2) GEORGE CARTER.
4 iv SARAH WILCOCK (ca 1805-1883); m JOSEPH SOWDEN.
2 JOHN WILCOCK of Stanningley, clothier and blacksmith, married on 18 July 1814 at Calverley, NANCY GREAVES, daughter of Joshua and Sarah (Roberts) Greaves. Nancy was born on 8 November 1794.
Children of John and Nancy (Greaves) Wilcock:
3 HANNAH WILCOCK was born ca 1785 at Pudsey and buried on 5 August 1863 at Mirfield. She married first, on 2 April 1804 at St. Peter, Leeds, WILLIAM SOWDEN of Rodley, clothier, son of Thomas and Christiana (Parker) Sowden (see here). William was baptised on 20 June 1784 at Calverley and buried on 16 July 1808 at Calverley. Hannah married second, on 2 April 1810 at St. Peter, Leeds, GEORGE CARTER of Stanningley, farmer. George was born ca 1784 at Farsley.
Children of William and Hannah (Wilcock) Sowden:
i REUBEN SOWDEN, bap 2 Jun 1805, Bradford.
Children of George and Hannah (Wilcock) (Sowden) Carter:
iv JUDITH CARTER, b 6 Jul 1814, bap 7 Aug 1814, Calverley, bur 21 Apr 1815, Calverley.
vi DAVID CARTER, b 22 Sep 1820, bap 8 Apr 1821, Calverley, bur 12 Sep 1821, Calverley.
4 SARAH WILCOCK was born ca 1805 at Stanningley and died on 13 February 1883 at New Wortley. She married on 21 August 1826, St. Peter, Leeds, JOSEPH SOWDEN of New Wortley, clothier, son of Thomas and Christiana (Parker) Sowden (see here). Joseph was was born on 12 October 1798 at Rodley and died on 9 June 1862 at Holbeck.
Children of Joseph and Sarah (Wilcock) Sowden:
i ANN SOWDEN, b 30 Mar 1836, Stanningley, d 15 Mar 1875, New Wortley; m 18 Sep 1858, St. Peter, Leeds, JAMES GREENWOOD (see here).
ii JOHN SOWDEN of Holbeck, sawyer, b 29 Dec 1840, Wortley; m(1) 16 Aug 1862, St. Peter, Leeds, SARAH ANN HOLGATE; m(2) 26 Nov 1894, New Wortley, LOUISA (FISHER) CLIFF.
 1851 census returns, Stanningley (National Archives, HO 107/2313, fol. 531).
 Grant of probate.
 Will of Samuel Wilcock. They may be the Samuel Wilcock and Mary Ward married in Apr 1836 at Huddersfield.
 Perhaps the John Wilcock, clothier, who died on 27 May 1839 at Stanningley, when his age was given as 62 (death certificate). The informant was another John Wilcock of Stanningley. This death record could relate to the John Wilcock who was baptised at Calverley in Dec 1777, son of John of Pudsey, but there was also a John Wilcock baptised at Calverley in Dec 1778 (son of William of Pudsey) so without further evidence it is not clear whether the 1839 death was that of the husband of Nancy Greaves.
 The will of Sarah Greaves of Stanningley, spinster, dated 31 Jan 1824 and proved 21 Jul 1824 (Borthwick Institute, York), mentions (among others) her sister Nancy Wilcock and mother Sarah Row. One of the executors was a John Roberts of Stanningley, who is identified as a cousin of the testator in the probate documents. Joshua Greaves and Sarah Roberts were married at Calverley in 1789 (Calverley parish registers, online at www.ancestry.com).
 Registers of Rehoboth Chapel, Farsley (National Archives, RG 4/3160).
 Bramley Wesleyan registers (National Archives, RG 4/2992); 1851 census returns, Pudsey (National Archives, HO 107/2313, fol. 519).
 St. Peter, Leeds, parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com). There were two Joshua Wilcocks in the area of a similar age, one married to Esther Hainsworth and the other to a Sarah. However, in the 1861 census returns for Hunmanby (National Archives, RG 9/3614, fol. 12), Sarah Wilcock, aged 17, born at Stanningley, is shown as a niece of David Wilcock. Sarah is seen from other records to be a daughter of Joshua and Esther Wilcock, confirming that the Joshua who married Esther Hainsworth was David’s brother (Stanningley parish registers, online at www.ancestry.com; 1851 census returns, Pudsey, National Archives, HO 107/2313, fol. 519). Esther appears to have been a daughter of John and Love (Wilcock) Hainsworth, with Love being a daughter of William Wilcock and sister of the Hannah Wilcock baptised at Calverley in 1783.
 Calverley parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com). According to some census returns (for example 1851, Hunmanby, HO 107/2367, fol. 443), David was born at Ackworth. In fact, there was a David, son of David and Martha Wilcock, baptised at Hemsworth in 1823, and David Wilcock of Ackworth and Martha Richardson were married at Hemsworth in 1808. However, the marriage certificate of David Wilcock of Hunmanby, husband of Elizabeth Leppington, identifies his father as John Wilcock, a blacksmith. In the 1871 returns (National Archives, RG 10/4813, fol. 10), David’s place of birth is given as what looks like “Stainbilly”, probably intended to be Stanningley.
 Marriage certificate.
 1851 census returns, Pudsey (National Archives, HO 107/2313, fol. 531).
 1851 census returns, Nether Hallam (National Archives, HO 107/2336, fol. 163).
 Bradford parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com). Perhaps the Reuben Sowden buried on 19 Dec 1806 at Calverley, although the father’s name given in that entry appears to be Reuben (“Reun”) rather than William.
 1861 census returns, Dewsbury (National Archives, RG 9/3412, fol. 56).
 St. Peter, Leeds, parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com). The birth certificate of their son Reuben Sowden (born 2 May 1839 at Farsley) confirms Sarah’s maiden surname. See the 1861 census returns, Dewsbury (National Archives, RG 9/3412, fol. 43).
 Calverley parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com), which give her parents’ residence at the time of her baptism as Stanningley. The 1851 census returns for Bramley (National Archives, HO 107/2315, fol. 12) show her to have been born at Pudsey. In the 1861 returns for Mirfield, she is stated to have been born at Stanningley (National Archives, RG 9/3408, fol. 61).
 Death certificate.
 1851 census returns, Wortley (National Archives, HO 107/2314, fol. 322). There is some inconsistently in the records regarding Sarah’s age, with a range of 1801 to 1812 for her date of birth being suggested by various sources.
 Death certificate.
 St. Peter, Leeds, parish registers (West Yorkshire Archive Service, RDP68/4/17).