EARNSHAW OF OVENDEN, HORBURY AND WORTLEY

 

My connection with the family of Jonathan and Susannah (Fothergill) Earnshaw is not apparent from paper trail evidence, but my father and I have multiple significant DNA matches with descendants of the Earnshaws so it seems clear that we are related to the family reasonably closely, probably as a result of a non-paternity event.

 

My fatherís paternal ancestors in recent generations were not from Yorkshire, so it is much more likely that the Earnshaw connection is through my fatherís mother, Doris (Dixon) Davies, whose immediate ancestors lived mostly in the Leeds area, especially around Wortley and Holbeck, where some of the Earnshaws also resided.

 

As my father has matches with Fothergill descendants where the common ancestry seems to be further back than Susannah (Fothergill) Earnshaw, it seems unlikely that he descends from Jonathan and Elizabeth (Ingham) Earnshaw without also descending from their son Jonathan who married Susannah Fothergill. On the other hand, my father has a 15 cM match with a desendant of William Earnshaw, a brother of the Jonathan who married Susannah. The most likely explanation seems to be that my father descends from the husband and wife Jonathan and Susannah (Fothergill) Earnshaw. This is also suggested by the size and number of matches with descendants of Jonathan and Susannah. If this is the case then it is most likely that one of their sons was the biological father of one of my ancestors.

 

It is possible that one of the Earnshaws was the father of my ancestor Ann (Sowden) Greenwood who was born in Stanningley in 1836. However, it is more probable, based on ages and locations, that the non-paternity event occurred in the next generation and that an Earnshaw was the father of one of Doris (Dixon) Daviesís grandparents: Mark Dixon (1859-1942), Polly Baldwin (1861-1935), Edward Williamson (1866-1936) or Sarah Jane Greenwood (1859-1929). There is some support from DNA matches for three of the grandparentsí paper trail fathers being correct. The exception is Mark Dixon, as there are no obvious DNA matches through his documented father, James Dixon (1825-1892).

 

Four sons have been traced for Jonathan and Susannah (Fothergill) Earnshaw. David Fothergill Earnshaw (1813-1871) lived in Australia from the 1830s onwards so is an implausible father of a child born in Yorkshire in the period in question. Jonathan Earnshaw (1828-1845) died well before the likely date of the non-paternity event. Joseph Fothergill Earnshaw (1831-1899) would have been alive at the time but the one DNA match my father has with a traced descendant (in this case a great-great-grandchild) of Joseph is only 15 cM, smaller than most of the other matches located with descendants of this Earnshaw family. The remaining known son of Jonathan and Susannah is Thomas Earnshaw (1818-1887), who in the relevant period was an unmarried cloth dresser, living with his widowed mother in Wortley and Hunslet.

 

My hypothesis is that Thomas Earnshaw was the biological father of Mark Dixon, although further evidence would certainly be desirable to clarify the situation.

 

Figures in red below are the size in cM of DNA matches my father (Derek Vincent Davies) has with individuals whose descent is traced from the person named.[1] My father has a very large match of 125 cM with another descendant of Elizabeth (Earnshaw) Dunderdale, but I have not included that match below as I believe it results from more than one relationship with the tested individual. My father also has a match of 66 cM with an additional person who may descend from this family, as another Earnshaw descendant shows as a shared match. However, I do not currently have enough information about the ancestry of the 66 cM match for the relationship to be determined.

 

I have not yet found a birth or baptism record for Susannah (Fothergill) Earnshaw, but as mentioned above, my father has some DNA matches with Fothergill descendants where the common ancestry appears to be at least one generation further back than Susannah. He has a match of 24 cM with an apparent descendant of David and Ann (Illingworth) Fothergill who were married at Dewsbury in 1781 and who later lived in Ossett where Susannah is said to have been born. My father also has a match of 20 cM with a descendant of Jonathan Fothergill (born at Ossett about 1781) and matches of 13 and 11 cM with descendants of Benjamin Fothergill (born at Ossett about 1795). It is possible that Susannah was a daughter of David and Ann (Illingworth) Fothergill but there is at least one plausible alternative couple for her parents in Jonathan and Elizabeth (Wilby) Fothergill who were married at Dewsbury in 1776.

 

I welcome comments on this page. My e-mail address is on my home page.

 

EARNSHAW

 

1††††††††† JONATHAN EARNSHAW of Ovenden and Horbury, Yorkshire, weaver, was born ca 1764 and buried on 9 September 1824 at Horbury.[2] He married on 16 July 1786 at Halifax, ELIZABETH INGHAM.[3] Elizabeth was born ca 1764 and died on 19 August 1841 at Leeds.[4]

 

Children of Jonathan and Elizabeth (Ingham) Earnshaw:

 

i ††††††††††††† WILLIAM EARNSHAW (15) of Horbury, shopkeeper, b 3 Apr 1787, Ovenden,[5] d 25 Oct 1870;[6] m(1) 25 Dec 1811, Wakefield, ANN SHEARD;[7] m(2) 1 Sep 1815, Wakefield, SARAH TURTON.[8]

ii ††††††††††† ESTHER EARNSHAW, bap 10 May 1789, Halifax,[9] bur 31 Dec 1826, All Saints, Manchester;[10] m 5 Sep 1814, Wakefield, WILLIAM HURSTWAITE.[11]

2††††††††††††† iii †††††††††† JONATHAN EARNSHAW (1792-1832); m SUSANNAH FOTHERGILL.

iv †††††††††† JOHN EARNSHAW, bap 4 May 1794, Halifax;[12] m 3 Jun 1816, Wakefield, ANN MORRIS.[13]

v †††††††††††† THOMAS EARNSHAW of Ossett, weaver, b Ovenden, bap 11 Dec 1796, Halifax,[14] bur 18 Oct 1863, Ossett;[15] m 23 May 1825, Wakefield, ELIZABETH HAIGH.[16]

vi †††††††††† JOSEPH EARNSHAW, b 13 Dec 1799, bap 27 Jan 1800, Halifax,[17] bur 23 May 1818, Horbury.[18]

vii ††††††††† BETTY EARNSHAW, b Horbury, bap 12 Sep 1802, Horbury;[19] m 26 Dec 1822, Wakefield, HENRY BARBER.[20]

 

2††††††††† JONATHAN EARNSHAW of Wortley and Beeston, weaver, was baptised on 1 April 1792 at Halifax[21] and buried on 19 February 1832 at Wortley.[22] He married on 3 November 1811 at Wakefield, SUSANNAH FOTHERGILL.[23] Susannah was born ca 1791 at Ossett[24] and died in 1875.[25]

 

Children of Jonathan and Suannah (Fothergill) Earnshaw:

 

i ††††††††††††† DAVID FOTHERGILL EARNSHAW (33, 28, 26, 18, 18, 17, 8) of Vasse, Western Australia, sawyer and publican, b 6 Nov 1813, bap 27 Dec 1813, Ossett,[26] d 25 May 1871, Vasse,[27] m 28 Jul 1842, Picton, Western Australia, MARY POMEROY.[28]

ii ††††††††††† MARY EARNSHAW, b 13 Jan 1816, Huddersfield,[29] bur 14 Apr 1816, Huddersfield.[30]

iii †††††††††† THOMAS EARNSHAW of Hunslet, cloth dresser, b 18 May 1818, Wortley,[31] bur 23 Nov 1887, New Wortley.[32]

iv †††††††††† ANN EARNSHAW, b 23 Sep 1821;[33] m 3 Nov 1838, St Peter, Leeds, JAMES FIRTH.[34]

v †††††††††††† ELIZABETH EARNSHAW (52, 20), b Beeston, bap 1 Feb 1824, Beeston,[35] bur 15 Feb 1874, Wortley;[36] m(1) 20 Feb 1842, Rothwell, WILLIAM DUNDERDALE;[37] m(2) Kirkstall register office, 1867, BENJAMIN WHITAKER.[38]

vi †††††††††† SELINA EARNSHAW, b 14 Apr 1826, bap 7 Jul 1826, Ossett,[39] bur 30 Dec 1829, Wortley.[40]

vii ††††††††† JONATHAN EARNSHAW, bap 20 Apr 1828, Beeston,[41] bur 26 Nov 1845, Wortley.[42]

viii †††††††† JOSEPH FOTHERGILL EARNSHAW (15) of Holbeck, spinner, b 6 Apr 1831, Wortley,[43] bur 5 May 1899, Holbeck Cemetery;[44] m 24 May 1851, St Peter, Leeds, ANN CLIFF.[45]



[1] Results from AncestryDNA.

[2] Horbury parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com). I have not researched the earlier Earnshaws in detail, but Jonathan was probably the one of that name baptised at Illingworth on 30 Dec 1764, son of Jonathan Earnshaw of Ovenden.

[3] Halifax parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com). The banns register gives Elizabethís residence as Thornton in Bradford. Thomas Dunham Whitaker, The History and Antiquities of the Deanery of Craven (London, 1805), gives a pedigree which includes the 1719 marriage of Rebecca Heber to Jonas Ingham of Thornton in the parish of Bradford (https://archive.org/details/historyantiquiti00whit/page/n121/mode/2up). However, it is not known whether this is relevant to the ancestry of Elizabeth (Ingham) Earnshaw.

[4] Death certificate.

[5] Registers of Kipping Chapel, Thornton (National Archives, RG 4/2202); 1851 census returns, Horbury (National Archives, HO 107/2328, fol. 70).

[6] Monumental inscription at Horbury (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/138411212/william-earnshaw).

[7] Wakefield parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com).

[8] Wakefield parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com).

[9] Registers of South Parade Wesleyan Chapel, Halifax (National Archives, RG 4/3011); registers of Zion Methodist Chapel, Ovenden (National Archives, RG 4/3407).

[10] All Saints, Manchester, parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com). The 1861 census returns for Bradford (National Archives, RG 9/3316, fol. 22) show William Hurstwaite, born at Wakefield, with two daughters born at Manchester, lending some support to a connection with that area.

[11] Wakefield parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com).

[12] Registers of South Parade Wesleyan Chapel, Halifax (National Archives, RG 4/3011); registers of Zion Methodist Chapel, Ovenden (National Archives, RG 4/3407).

[13] Wakefield parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com). One of the witnesses was William Hurstwaite, which supports this being a marriage of the John Earnshaw whose sister Esther married William Hurstwaite. There were multiple John Earnshaws of around the same age and further details of this one are not immediately clear.

[14] Registers of South Parade Wesleyan Chapel, Halifax (National Archives, RG 4/3011); 1861 census returns, Ossett (National Archives, RG 9/3414, fol. 93).

[15] Ossett parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com).

[16] Wakefield parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com).

[17] Registers of South Parade Wesleyan Chapel, Halifax (National Archives, RG 4/3011).

[18] Horbury parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com).

[19] Horbury parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com); 1851 census returns, Leeds (National Archives, HO 107/2320, fol. 534).

[20] Wakefield parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com).

[21] Registers of South Parade Wesleyan Chapel, Halifax (National Archives, RG 4/3011); registers of Zion Methodist Chapel, Ovenden (National Archives, RG 4/3407).

[22] Wortley parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com).

[23] Wakefield parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com).

[24] 1851 census returns, Wortley (National Archives, HO 107/2314, fol. 313).

[25] Civil registration indexes.

[26] Ossett Independent registers (National Archives, RG 4/3076). His baptism record does not give him a middle name, but Fothergill appears as such in later records including an 1871 report of his death. This helps to identify the Vasse resident as the son of Jonathan and Susannah (Fothergill) Earnshaw. See also The Western Mail, 5 May 1932 (https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/38892334) and Rica Erickson, ed., The Bicentennial Dictionary of Western Australians (Nedlands, 1987-88), 937 (http://www.friendsofbattyelibrary.org.au/files/E.pdf).

[27] The Herald (Fremantle), 24 Jun 1871 (https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/111525297); monumental inscriptions at Busselton Pioneer Cemetery (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/155747501/david-fothergill-earnshaw; https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/155747487/d-f-earnshaw).

[28] Marriages in the Wellington district (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C9BX-F3R5-8); Australia Marriage Index, 1788-1950 (online at www.ancestry.com); The South-Western News, 25 Aug 1905 (https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/147657822).

[29] Ossett Independent registers (National Archives, RG 4/3076).

[30] Huddersfield parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com).

[31] Ossett Independent registers (National Archives, RG 4/3076); 1851 census returns, Wortley (National Archives, HO 107/2314, fol. 313).

[32] New Wortley parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com).

[33] Registers of Westgate Baptist Chapel, Bradford (National Archives, RG 4/1910).

[34] St Peter, Leeds, parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com). The entry gives the parties, both residing in Wortley, as James Bellforth, of full age, warehouseman, son of John Bellforth, plumber, and Ann Earnshaw, minor, daughter of Jonathan Earnshaw, joiner. However, the surname Bellforth seems to be incorrect as it does not occur elsewhere with any appreciable frequency. Moreover, the 1851 census returns for Wortley (National Archives, HO 107/2314, fol. 313) show a granddaughter Selina Firth, aged six, living with Susannah (Fothergill) Earnshaw. Selina, daughter of James Firth, warehouseman, and Ann, was baptised at Holbeck in 1845: Holbeck parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com).

[35] Beeston parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com); 1851 census returns, Wortley (National Archives, HO 107/2314, fol. 313).

[36] Wortley parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com).

[37] Rothwell parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com).

[38] Yorkshire BMD (www.yorkshirebmd.org.uk); 1871 census returns, Wortley (RG 10/4533, fol. 7).

[39] Ossett Independent registers (National Archives, RG 4/3076).

[40] Wortley parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com).

[41] Beeston parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com).

[42] Wortley parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com).

[43] Ossett Independent registers (National Archives, RG 4/3076); 1851 census returns, Wortley (National Archives, HO 107/2314, fol. 313).

[44] National Burial Index (online at www.findmypast.co.uk).

[45] St Peter, Leeds, parish registers (online at www.ancestry.com). The marriage entry gives the names of the bridegroom and bride as Joseph Henshaw and Ann Clough, but a comparison with census returns and civil registration records confirms that this was Joseph Fothergill Earnshaw and his wife, whose maiden surname is usually given as Cliff in the civil registration records.